Wednesday, December 8, 2010

Essay on The Red Cross

Essay on The Red Cross

"With the flies that swarmed at their wounds , men gazed around them wild eyed and helpless", on views and expercines such as this the Red Cross was founded.

The Red Cross, international humanitarian agency dedicated, in time of war,to alleviating the sufferings of wounded soldiers, civilians, and prisoners of time of peace, it renders medical aid and other help to people afflicted by major disastors such as floods, earthquakes, epedemics, and famines and preforms other public service functions. There are 7 rules that the red cross are governed by they are ; Humanity , Impartiality , Neutrality , Independence , Voluntary service , Unity and universality. Here are some examples of what these mean ;

Humanity: The International Red Cross and Red Crescent Movement aims to prevent all alleviate human suffering whenever it may be found. It protects life, health and ensures respect for all humans. It promotes mutual understanding, friendship , co-operation and peace among all peoples.



Impartiality: The Movement does not discriminate between race , nationalities , religous beliefts , class or political opinions. It is guided solely by the needs of suffering people and gives priority to those most urgently in need.


The international Red Cross and Red Crescent movement consists of the International Commitee of the Red Cross [ICRC], a group of up to 25 Swiss citizens,with headquarters in Geneva, Switzerland, the more than 160 national Red Cross societies; and the Geneva-based International federation of the Red Cross and Red Crescent societies[known until 1993 as the league of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies] which coordinates peacetime activities of the national societies. The International conference of the Red Cross,usually held every four years in different countries, brings together representitives of the Red Cross organizations and those governments that have ratified the Geneva conventions. In 1986 the movement’s name was changed to include the Red Crescent, the organization’s name in most Muslim natons


Initiative for founding the Red Cross came from the 19th-century Swiss philanthropist Jean Henri Dunant. Apalled by the almost complete lack of care for wounded soldiers, he apppealed to the leaders of nations to found societies devoted to the aid of the wounded in wartime. Five Swiss citizens formed a commitee, which later became the ICRC, and issued a call for an International conference, which was held in Geneva in October 1863 and was attended by delegates from 16 nations.

Another conference was held in Geneva the following year, and offcial delegates of 12 nations signed the first Geneva convetion, laying down rules for the treatment of the wounded and for the protection of medical personnel and hospitals. It was also at this meeting that the famous symbol of the movement, the white flag bearing a red cross, was adopted. (This symbol was later modified in non-christian countries.) The principles enunciated the first Geneva convention were subsequently revised and amended at conferences held in 1906, 1929, and 1949. In1977 additional protocols were added to the Geneva conventions of 1949 to protect all non-combatants in all types of conflicts, international as well as domestic.

Over the decades the ICRC and the Federation have sent representitives and aid to many countries around the world to help detainees, prisoners of war, and refugees of war, political upheaval, or cival strife. The federation also assists victims of natural and man-made disasters.Dutant was a corecipient of the Noble Peace Prize in 1901. The ICRC has been awarded three Noble Peace Prizes, in 1917, 1944, and 1963; it shared the 1963 prize with the league of Red Cross societies.

Warning!!! All free online essays, sample essays and essay examples on The Red Cross topics are plagiarized and cannot be completely used in your school, college or university education.

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