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Monday, October 16, 2017

Flooding and Human Activity in the Himalayas

Explain why the Himalayas is naturally active in terms of geomorphological processes.
The Himalayas is a mountain range in Asia that lies between the Indian subcontinent and the Tibetan Plateau. Its formation began around 45 million years ago and continues up until now. The Indo-Australian plate is moving into the Asian plate and the Himalayas is rising about 5 mm per year. Because of the plate movement the region of Himalayas is also seismically active. Along with the earthquakes, such natural hazards as floods, landslides, and erosions also happen in the Himalayas.

There are about 15000 glaciers on the Himalayan range, many of which are declining in size. The higher parts of the mountain range are covered with snow all year long. The snow as well as some of the glaciers melt and the water flows into several rivers, most of which compose two large basins: the Indus Basin the Ganges-Brahmaputra Basin.

Rainstorms and snow melts cause floods in the Himalayas. Sub-tropical climate together with high and steep landscapes and weakened rocks are responsible for landslide and erosion. Active tectonics cause many landslides, which occur nearly everywhere in the Himalayas. One of these events can cause a chain reaction. For example, an earthquake or heavy rainstorms can trigger a landslide; a landslide can block a river, create a dam, which will lead to a flood.

Essay: Should Physician-Assisted Suicide Be Legal?

“Have the courage to live. Anyone can die,” – said Robert Cody. Indeed, sometimes life becomes too tough and hard for us, and that’s when this thought helps me overcome all difficulties. It is always better to be courageous and choose life over death, no matter how bad your living seems to you now. However, there are persons that have no more courage to live. They also have no strength, no health, and, more importantly, no more wish. I mean people with final stages of incurable diseases - those who are unable to enjoy anything in life, to whom it brings only suffering and pain. These patients oftentimes would prefer to die, still they are unable even to commit a suicide. That is when major moral, social, medical, and ethical topic arouses: whether it is right for doctors to help such patients pass away?

Physician-assisted suicide is a heated topic that strikes people all over the world. It evolves numerous discussions and debates about whether incurably ill patients have the right to die with the aid of a medical doctor. In this paper, I plan to prove that Physician-assisted suicide would raise serious ethical issues if legalized. Not only to say that physicians have the sanction to submit this option, but they could also disregard other solutions. Doctors may also disregard or misconstrue patient doubt and even put patients to death who have not petitioned it. What is the past setting of assisted suicide? Should physician-assisted suicide be legalized? How does faith play a part? All of these, among others are the debatable questions surrounding physician-assisted suicide. The goal of this paper will be to understand the motives surrounding physician-assisted suicide.

Wednesday, October 11, 2017

Marketing Plan Essay Sample

I would like to start by saying that after the military defeat of 1895, Taiwan would be ceded to Japan. It would again become Chinese after the end of WWII when the allied forces won the war. The communist victory in the country in 1945 contributed to the massive escape of Chinese from the mainland China to Taiwan. The country would have its own constitution which was written in 1946 for all china. Over the next 50 years, Taiwan instead of China would turn into the profitable capitalist economy. The island would prosper and be labeled one of the Asian tigers.

Currently, Taiwan is a dynamic capitalist economy with gradually decreasing guidance of investment and foreign trade by government authorities. The cooperation between large government-run banks and industrial export-oriented firms allowed the country to possess a highly competitive economy. 

Exports were given the greatest consideration and therefore are currently responsible for the greatest cash inflow in the Taiwanese economy. Taiwan has a stable trade surplus, while the foreign reserves prove to be among the world’s largest. Agriculture accounts for only 3% of the total GDP, down from 50% in 1955. Taiwan currently is among the largest investors in southeastern Asia, while China is currently the largest export market for Taiwan. The USA ranks second largest market for Taiwanese products (Jain, 70).

Modernity, Science and Art Essay

A rather common perception of science is the comparison between the process of creating a scientific work and working on an object of art. This analogy can be easily comprehended, as a valuable scientific work requires imagination, reoccurring observations and a synthesis between the scientist’s own ideas and the findings. Needless to say that science, regardless of the discipline practiced, is a highly innovative field, where novelty is one of the main markers of value and quality.

The question, however, is whether or not this analogy can also indicate that art (in the sense of creation, excluding art studies) is a science. Svetlana Alpers’ attitude towards the issue is rather ambiguous. In her 1998 essay The Studio, the Laboratory, and the Vexations of Art, which constitutes the critical framework this paper tries to address, the author finds some evidence that support the analogy, but suggests extreme cautious as of the derived comparison between the studio and the laboratory.

Monday, October 9, 2017

Personal Philosophy of Nursing Paper

Introduction
(Who you are and where you practice nursing)

Definition of Nursing
If a Martian were asked to pick the most appropriate definition of nursing, it would certainly focus on the care and responsibility for human wellbeing. In an age of rapidly changing definitions of health and sickness, and in the face of the deconsolidation of healthcare into numerous professions and schools, the role of “the largest single group of staff working in the health service” (Marcovitch, 2005, p. 502) is more holistic than ever before. Hence, in order to properly consider the diversity of nursing activities and the basic needs this field intends to address, we should define nursing as the body of knowledge, practice and research on the promotion of wellbeing and prevention of one’s dissatisfaction regarding one’s physical and emotional conditions, while applying to knowledge, needs and abilities of the applicable healthcare environment.

Assumptions or Underlying Beliefs
For more than 60 years, the World Health Organization has advocated the notion that “Health is a state of complete physical, mental and social well-being and not merely the absence of disease or infirmity” (2003). Conventional and widely accepted as it is, this basic assumption is arguably not adequately practiced in modern healthcare. That is, following the definition of nursing suggested above and the definition of the WHO, clinical parameters are not sufficient to identify the extent of well-being and the proper nursing intervention required for providing the individual with the best possible care.

Realism in Literature Essay

Introduction
Realism can be broadly defined as the truthful depiction of reality and is a literary technique practiced by many writers in different historical periods. As William Dean Howells put it, “Realism is nothing more and nothing less than the truthful treatment of material.” More narrowly defined, literary realism is a movement in art, which started in the nineteenth century in France, from where it has spread to many other countries and lasted until the beginning of the twentieth century. Realist authors described their contemporary life as it was, portraying everyday activities and experiences without embellishment or interpretation. Before the nineteenth century, major literary characters were royalty, dukes, knights, ghosts, monsters and other supernatural creatures. In the middle of the nineteenth century attention shifted to common people – farmers, merchants, lawyers and peasants. George Eliot, William Dean Howells, Honoré de Balzac, Fyodor Dostoyevsky, Leo Tolstoy, Gustave Flaubert, Ivan Turgenev, Guy de Maupassant, Anton Chekhov, Bolesław Prus and Émile Zola are all representatives of the realism movement in literature.

Realistic Literature
Artists and literary realists were heavily influenced by political and social changes that were taking place in Europe and in the United States, in particular by the development of science, the growth of commerce and the spread of democracy. Representatives of middle and lower class were becoming increasingly important in the life of the countries and in literature as well. Society was placing more value on an individual and, as a response to this, in literature characters were becoming more important than plot. Writers started using dialects and local vernaculars to make their stories even more realistic. The realists wanted to bring literature closer to science and assumed they can obtain truth by the simple observation and recording of reality.

Saturday, October 7, 2017

Research Paper: Privacy and Confidentiality in School Counseling

Confidentiality is one of the top priorities for school counselors. In the article “Privacy and Confidentiality in School Counseling,” Harriet L. Glosoff and Robert H. Pate raise the question of how to maintain a students’ trust, but still do what is possible to keep students safe and parents informed? Maintaining confidentiality when a minor is your client, however, is much more difficult than when counseling adults. Counselors at school must keep in mind their ethical and legal responsibilities to their clients, parents, and the school systems. In certain cases, school districts or administrators have policies that require counselors to obtain parents’ permission before beginning counseling students. A parent has the option to not allow a minor student to use a school counselor, or specifically forbid the counselor to accept the minor as a client. In any case, as long as the parent hasn’t stated that to the counselor or the school, counseling is then considered to be a regular service. Legally the counselor can see a minor student without parental consent if this has not occurred.

With all the parameters that are associated with counseling a minor, it is very difficult to maintain trust and have an open dialogue with a client where he or she feels free to say anything without the fear of disclosure to their parents. If a child begins to think that what he or she discloses during a counseling session will be discussed with their parents, the purpose of the counseling will be diminished. The minor will not be completely open and forthright and the objective of the session will not be met.
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As described in the article, neither the Code of Ethics and Standards of Practice nor the Ethical Standards for School Counselors describe or define the term minor. Typically, at the age of 18, an individual is no longer considered to be a minor. Therefore, school counselors encounter 18 as the age when their clients are legally considered to be mature and have full control of their privacy rights (Glosoff, & Pate, Jr., 2002). So, who is the true client for the counselors- is it the minor or the parents? Even with all the legal issues surrounding this topic, from an ethical point of view, the counselor’s client is the student, and it is critical for their needs to be addressed without any repercussions. The parents’ needs definitely should be considered, but the needs of the students and their well being should come above all others. There are certain exceptions where, ethically, school counselors are required to disclose information if their clients engage in certain behaviors that present clear and imminent danger to themselves and other people. From a legal standpoint, they're required to report known or suspected child abuse or neglect, and they're also obligated to respond to subpoenas and participate in other legal proceedings dictated by the courts (Lazovsky, 2008).

The article also suggests a few measures that school counselors could use in order to safeguard the privacy of their student clients. In my opinion, one of the most important steps is to make sure that all the stakeholders, the parents, the teachers and the counselees are well aware in advance of the confidentiality issues in school counseling. In addition, a school environment can be very hard for a student to properly cope with. There are many cases of bullying and harassment reported in the school environment. Another idea that could be very useful for school counselors in order to protect their client’s privacy is to make sure that the identity of the counselee is also protected. This can be done by a proper setup of the counselor’s office, for example, when the exit door does not coincide with the entrance door. Consequently, the students can feel more comfortable to ask for counseling. They will feel assured that they won’t be seen while seeking help to improve their mental health. This can be very soothing and encouraging. Making school counseling more approachable can increase the success of the counseling activity. Trust is a key element, especially when it comes to counseling minors. Many times it is not the method employed by the counselor. It is the trust at the foundation of the counselor client relationship that leads to the so called beneficence when it comes to helping the client and society.

I felt that the ethical implications of counseling are of the utmost importance while reading the article. Balancing numerous facets within school counseling does really seem like a challenge counselors must engage throughout their activities, almost on a daily basis. Being very well informed about the legal aspects that are involved becomes essential in order to ensure proper decision making in the case that confidential data must be disclosed. I also find it very important that counselors are well aware and adhere to the standard of minimal disclosure by sharing only what is essential and relevant to the case.

Another very important aspect of ethics within school counseling is continuously taking into account that the counselor must not, under any circumstances, impose goals or values on their counselees. This should especially be underlined when it comes to counseling minors, since childhood and adolescence are the ages at which one is most easily influenced. These are also the times when one has to tackle confusion, acceptance and decision making regarding the future. Therefore, the counselor should represent a stable, consistent source of objective support throughout the changes the counselees are going through. Most importantly, the counselor should avoid being judgmental at all times. Attention should be paid to not discriminate children through offering the same type of assistance, regardless the child`s background, religion or provenience.

Estimating when a child becomes mature enough to understand the concept of secrets is also a challenge counselors might have to face during their practice. That is why it becomes very important that the counselor manages to create a trusting and therapeutic climate in which people can autonomously search for solutions. Autonomy refers to the ability of the clients to make their own choices and choose their own directions within the counseling sessions. This could also represent a great challenge for the counselor when it comes to working with children. They must be vigilant at all times and ready to discuss the progress of the student during the counseling sessions. All the relevant stakeholders within this very special counseling relationship should be involved.

The ideal way to prevent problems from appearing is to provide the student, the parents and the relevant school personnel with appropriate information about confidentiality even before the school year begins. Also, the information should be kept visible and available at all times. Information about the benefits of counseling for students should be also made available through means such as presentations during class, flyers and posters.

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Warning!!! All free online research papers, research paper samples and example term papers on School Counseling topics are plagiarized and cannot be fully used in your high school, college or university education.

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Reference Page
Glosoff, H. L. & Pate, Jr., R. H. (2002). Privacy and Confidentiality in School Counseling. Professional School Counseling, 6. Retrieved from http://www.schoolcounselor.org/files/6-1-20%20Glosoff.pdfLazovsky, R. (2008). Maintaining Confidentiality with Minors: Dilemmas of School Counselors. Professional School Counseling, Retrieved from http://findarticles.com/p/articles/mi_m0KOC/is_5_11/ai_n27889692