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Friday, April 6, 2018

Under the Eagle Book Review

Under the Eagle: A Tale of Military Adventure and Reckless Heroism with
the Roman Legions by Simon Scarrow


Summary
Simon Scarrow’s “Under the Eagle” is a nicely written historical novel. It describes the events of Roman invasion to Britain. Service in the army was a decent activity for Quintus Licinius Cato. But his colleagues considered him “rara avis” and didn’t think he deserved being in such a glorious army. Later his bravery in bloody battles gained respectful attitude of his companions. But these were only first ordeals of the expedition. Together with his companions Cato ought to overcome numerous troubles. Legionaries tried to succeed in the most dangerous undertaking ever known. Even Julius Caesar failed to conquer barbarous tribes of mysterious and gloomy British Isles. The book tells about adventures of legionary Cato under the leadership of a significant personality – Titus Flavius Vespasian, future emperor.

At the beginning of the story we got acquainted with a new centurion Macro who became responsible for millions of important affairs. The author described everyday troubles of Macro before he got used with his new position. Presence of a stranger woman among the soldiers for example was strictly forbidden. Macro however patiently reacted to such small bustles but paid attention to more significant affairs. Cato is a new recruit, who appeared to be a son of Emperor's slave. His father was wholly devoted to former leaders up to his death (Scarrow, 2001, Chapter 1). He was just a slave but managed to gain freedom for his son in case the latter would go to military service. In this way molly-coddle sixteen years old Cato became not even a soldier but an option. He got a position of centurion’s helper, and at first suffered from sneers from the side of fellow-soldiers. Nevertheless he gradually gained experience in military service and strived to become a decent employee for such a high position. The author emphasized the contrast between inexperienced Cato and Macro, who got his position after 14 years of hard soldier’s life. He had to come through numerous battles and got acquainted with all kinds of weapons. He had to possess certain personal qualities apart from military skills. He learnt to endure all the hardships of the war and proved to be ready to become a centurion. Cato however had no military experience, except perfect knowledge of literary works of outstanding commanders. However lack of practical knowledge and poor physical strength didn’t break his inner fighting spirit. He proved to be a resourceful and brave young man who managed to overcome many troubles. At first it was hard for him to get used to hard military life, which often made him sick. Besides he felt lonely, having no one to help and support. In order to become a real soldier, one ought to work hard. Despite his young age Cato finally proved to be a decent legionary. Roman legionary is the most disciplined trained and battle-hardened soldiers in the whole world (Scarrow, 2001).

Tuesday, December 5, 2017

Positivism in Human Geography Research Paper

Theory, Evolution, Criticism, and Application
Positivism is the philosophy developed by Auguste Comte who believed that the only authentic knowledge is scientific knowledge which is obtained only from the positive affirmation of theories using the experimental methods. This belief was proposed in the early 19th century as the opposite philosophy to Enlightenment thinkers. Comte observed that scientific method is replacing metaphysics because there is the circular dependence of theory and observations in science. Comte has become one of the leading thinkers of the social evolutionism. Today positivism has evolved into the stage of anthropological evolutionism – science and rational explanations for scientific phenomena being inter-dependent.

Comte’s belief

Positivism had gained its popularity in the 1950s when science was viewed as the numerical set of statements, and there was the need to demonstrate the logical structure of these statements. Positivism rejects classical metaphysics because it insists that at least some of the statements are testable and can be either confirmed or falsified; while the teleological statements are un-testable by nature. The key believes of positivism include the belief that science is cumulative and predominantly trans-cultural; belief that science is based on the specific results that are not associated with the personality of the investigator.

Essay: Are Managers Made or Born?

Introduction
The discussion of the matter whether managers are born or made continues to engross minds of many scientists, who conduct multiple types of research and surveys to get to the truth and answer the question. At the same time owners of large companies also ponder over this matter, dreaming about hiring a “super manager” to fulfill all of the tasks. Students, who study to become a manager with the primary goal to earn as much money as possible, also want to know the answer to reach their goals.

However, a clear answer stating that good managers are only born or they are only made has not been given yet. The majority of participants in the discussion are convinced that managers are gone, meaning that a person who does not have any education and experience in management cannot be a manager in any field of business. History of world business sometimes disproves the theory that all managers are made, and once in a while, the world of business is struck by the information about ordinary people who have become very successful managers. It is not necessary to look through the piles of newspapers and magazines to find a proper example, which Bill Gates certainly makes. Being a chairman of Microsoft Corporation now, Gates developed a version of programming language BASIC when he was a student at Harvard University. And in 1975 (his third year at the university) he and his friend Paul Allen already started their own company. There is no information in his biography about special training how to be a manager; however, Bill Gates became not only a successful manager but also a world leader in computer software. But, without the proper university education, Bill Gates could only be a computer genius not a chairman of Microsoft Co.

Wednesday, November 29, 2017

Orgon Personality in 'Tartuffe'

Jean Baptiste Poquelin Moliere (1622-1673), the famous French playwright, played a significant role in the development of theatre. His contribution to world play art is very hard to overestimate. The characters and stories Moliere depicts in his plays became familiar and favorite to millions of thankful readers and viewers. One of the best works of this outstanding author is the comedy play 'Tartuffe'.


Tartuffe is a funny story about human weaknesses and flaws. The play takes place in Paris in the year 1660. The main character is Tartuffe, rather clever but greedy man who wants to become wealthy by deceiving others. He is a talented hypocrite and uses every possibility to mislead people. His principal aim is Orgon, the head of the wealthy family, with house, money, and beautiful daughter, Mariane. Tartuffe puts all his efforts to conquer the mind and the heart of Orgon’s family. 

Instructional Materials Development

Visual aids are recommended for use in virtually any kinds of college or university presentation.

Professors use visual presentations to increase students’ understanding of the topic and chosen theme.

Visual presentations are necessary to foster student’s learning and understanding of events, sequences and relationships. These visuals allow students to make abstract events and events distant in time more real for students. The following essay will speak about the importance of visuals in modern day education. I will comment on the selected visual and express my educated opinion on the importance of visuals.

Now let’s analyze the goals of visual communication as depicted below:

Friday, November 24, 2017

Academic Redshirting Essay

Till recent time the term ‘redshirting’ was usually used in college sport. It was used to describe the situation, when a student was kept away from the sport competition during the period of one year.

There were several possible reasons for this “redshirting”. There reasons were academic, medical or simply giving the chance for other students to take part in certain sport activity.

This strategy was also used in order to give athletes time to train more and to improve their skills.

After certain time the term “redshirting” has got another shade of meaning. In modern language academic redshirting stands for keeping children who must go to school one more year in kindergarten. Parents and teachers use academic redshirting in a strong belief that extra year will let children grow physically and emotionally and will make them more prepared for school. Recent statistics shows that redshirting is a rather common phenomenon in the modern society. “The National Center for Education Statistics and the Early Childhood Longitudinal Study report that between six and nine percent of age-eligible kindergartners are held back from on-time school entry.” (West, Meek, & Hurst, 2002, p.67).

Competent Learner or Successful Student?

Introduction
Have you noticed that people who had perfect grades during their college or University study not always become successful professionals in their further life? It can be partially explained by the educational system adapted in the whole world till recent times. All our system education was based on the results achieving and thus being a successful student meant only getting high grades during the tests or exams. Individual peculiarities of the learners and their psychical differences were not taken into account by the educational system. Result-centered education process came to the society people who possessed a lot of knowledge and no ability to learn something new or ability to adapt the changeable surrounding. Finally, it made the methodologists and all those interested in the effectiveness of the studying process to turn their attention to the learning process itself without such close links to its results.