Wednesday, February 23, 2011

Term Paper on Diabetes

Research Paper on Diabetes

Scientists have just barley begun to figure out the genetics on Diabetes. Diabetes is such a common genetic disorder, it makes it much more complicated for scientists to learn about it.

There is two types of Diabetes, Type 1 Diabetes which usually develops in children, and Type 2 Diabetes which usually develops in adults.

Type 1 Diabetes (Insulin Dependant) called maturity-onset diabetes of youth (MODY.) This occurs when too little insulin is produced and the body’s own immune system is attacking the insulin producing areas in the pancreas. This type of Diabetes runs in families and several relevant genes have been identified. This comes from an autosomal dominant gene. Many children are affected with this type, and it really does not run in a real specific race or ethnic group because it is so common. Yet, after so much research being done, there isn’t much genetic history behind this disease.


When people have Type 1 diabetes, the pancreas does not make enough insulin. The blood sugar cant pass into the body’s cells to be burned. Instead, the blood sugar rises to a high level and overflows through the kidneys into the urine. When sugar enters the urine, water must go out with the sugar.

The results are the usual symptoms of Diabetes:
  • Frequent urination
  • Frequent drinking of liquids
  • Frequent eating of food
  • Weight loss
  • Changes in behavior
  • Bed wetting
  • Tiredness
  • Weakness
  • Blurry vision
If any of these symptoms occur, you should contact your doctor immediately, and they should know what to do from there. The child may have to come into the hospital to get their blood sugar tested and if it happens to be really low or high, the child may have to stay overnight at the hospital to get the blood sugar regulated.

A person with Diabetes is at risk with a lot of things, but for the most part, they can lead a normal life. There are few risk factors with diabetes that may shorten one’s life, but if handled the right way, it should not be a problem. In order to stay healthy, a person with Diabetes must follow a healthy daily diet plan, check blood sugars daily, inject insulin when needed, and exercise regularly.

Case Study
Charlie Eklund was diagnosed with Type 1 Diabetes in the fall of 2001 at the age of four. He was hospitalized for four days, and hated it. Charlie has a mom, dad, older sister, and older brother. At first, it took the family awhile to get used to and understand his disorder, but after about four months the family learned how to cope with it. Charlie leads a normal child’s life, but with a little twist. He wakes up in the morning around 6:30 and tests his blood sugar, eats breakfast, and then takes an insulin injection. Charlie’s meals are normal food meals with a limitation an usually consist of three to four carbohydrates. Charlie has three snacks a day, one between each meal consisting of about two carbohydrates. He tests his blood sugars and eats lunch between 12:00 and 1:30 in the afternoon. Charlie does not usually test before his snacks during the day unless he feels really low or high. At dinner time, around 5:00 and 7:00 at night, Charlie tests his blood sugars, eats, then takes an insulin injection. And last, before he goes to bed around 8:30-9:30 at night, he tests his blood sugars and then eats a snack. Charlie has been dealing with diabetes for a year and a half now, and continues to be as normal as a child as possible. He attends Kindergarten every other day, and sometimes daycare. He is not a wrestler for Isanti and was just recently on national news Dateline for his extreme interest in fishing. Charlie is living proof that a person can live a normal life with a genetic disorder. Although, research is still being done, there is still no cure for Diabetes.

Warning!!! All free sample term papers and college term paper examples on Diabetes topics are plagiarized and cannot be fully used in your high school, college or university education.

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